2018-08-09 10:31:37 来源：
In the office after the revolution in 1911, court created porcelain body made of painted enamel ware with the demise of the qing government, gradually into the folk, antique bound for the first time I saw such beautiful ocean color porcelain, in order to common people with previous jingdezhen to distinguish the color porcelain, based on the word "enamel" in the ancient literature, take its called "colored enamel. This theory spread so widely that posterity mistakenly believed that enamel and pastel were two different kinds of paints, rather than painting techniques.
The qing court created a burning powder, starting in kangxi, yongzheng sheng, and in the qianlong period of extraordinary colors. "Enamel" is a homophone for foreign materials, and the name for the enamelware is related to this imported material, in the beginning of the introduction of enamelware into China, this kind of enamel material is generally used in the copper tire enamelware. This kind of copper tire enamel ware is made by first pinching silk on the copper tire, and then filling the contour of this kind of imported enamel color, so this kind of enamel ware is named copper tire enamel. In the future, this kind of imported enamel is used as decorative porcelain.
The ancients called "painting enamel", and the moderns called "painting enamel". At first glance, the two names don't seem to differ, but on reflection, they are fundamentally different. "Painting enamel" emphasizes "painting", is the craft, is the technique. "Enamel" emphasizes the color, the pigment, the material. Whether the material serves the content, the pigment serves the work, or vice versa, the content serves the material, and the work obeys the pigment. Is that something to discuss? The former, of course, is the truest principle of creation, not the other way around.
北京故宫博物馆 清雍正 珐琅彩雉鸡牡丹纹碗
Qing dynasty especially kangxi, yongzheng, qianlong three love porcelain, enamel color porcelain is in the kangxi period imported foreign enamel materials to create, and at one stroke became extremely expensive palace imperial porcelain. Ma guoxian, a European missionary in China at that time, recorded in his letter that emperor kangxi was eager to introduce foreign varieties of enamel into China. The process of making enamelware is different from that of other royal porcelain. It is first burnt to white in jingdezhen and then sent to the official office of the qing palace in Beijing for painting.
南京博物馆 清乾隆 粉彩灯笼瓶
Kang xi enamel color porcelain USES entrance color makings entirely, especially one kind of rose is red or carmine red makings among them, because contain trace gold and present the charming yan result that gives extraordinary. In the meantime, the colorific material of Chinese traditional color porcelain is mixed with clear water or glue, and enamel color porcelain resembles western oil painting is same,
will mix colorific material with oil, make chromaticity has stereo feeling and layer feeling more. Enamel color porcelain is characterized by fine texture, dignified color, bright color, delicate painting. The production of this kind of enamelware specially for emperors and for the court's nobles was extremely costly and could only be seen in the prosperous times. After the reign of emperor qianlong, it disappeared.
大英博物馆 清雍正粉彩 鸟纹抱月瓶
Although enamel and pastel are very similar, there are ways to distinguish them. Enamel porcelain has a characteristic that pastel porcelain does not have, that is, the contour line in the picture of enamel porcelain is clear, each flower, each leaf has a clear contour line. The reason for the obvious contour line is that the enamel color material has greater fluidity than the pastel color material. As the contour line is clear, the picture of enamel color porcelain also appears particularly clear and pure, which is not slightly cloudy and powdery like the picture of pastel porcelain.
The touch of enamel painted porcelain will have a more obvious feeling of high and low fluctuation; And powdery enamel stroke rises, lack this kind of feeling. Powdery chroma is filled before color needs to fill with glass white base, also have a kind of view is to add lead powder, let colour look very pink tender. In general, it has a strong feeling of prominence, especially the powder color of yongzheng qianlong.
大英博物馆 清雍正粉彩 天球瓶
大英博物馆 清雍正粉彩 天球瓶背面
清 康熙粉彩花觚 口径：20.6cm 高：42.6cm
Chemical ingredients not included in the pastel are included in enamel, which contains "arsenic" and "boron". Before kangxi's porcelain, the yellow color was iron oxide, while the yellow in enamel color was antimony oxide. Enamel and gold red in colloid gold not seen before kangxi. Enamel porcelain is characterized by fine texture, dignified color, bright and beautiful color, delicate painting, and thin wall, powder texture, three-dimensional feeling. The body of enamel color mainly comes from the fine fine white porcelain fired in jingdezhen. The body is light because of the influence of copper tire painting enamel and the pursuit of glass texture. Pastel bodies are thicker, and the placenta is whiter and finer than enamel.
清 雍正珐琅彩三系尊 口径：29cm 高：42cm
Enamel color is very rich, on the same pieces up to a dozen, although the pastel color is also more, but in a far less colored enamel abundant artifacts, metallic color no colored enamel, ShiCai thinner than colored enamel, is soft, soft color quietly elegant, elegant, itself has the change of the colour shade, color gradation change obviously, have the effect of traditional Chinese painting.
If you look closely with a magnifying glass, you can see that the white of the glass is exposed because the pastel is not fully applied. Look from grain act the role of, enamel color has western painting method concurrently, stereo feeling is strong, touch with the hand can feel thick glaze material, pastel just USES thin glaze water, glaze surface is inferior to enamel color is rich, only slightly protruding. Enamel enamels have small ice cracks of different thickness, that is, opening pieces, which is an important way to distinguish between enamels and pastels. Pastels have no ice cracks and do not reflect light. Enamel does not have the phenomenon of clam halo scattered, and pastel has clam halo scattered around.
小编从英国罗斯柴尔德拍卖行驻大陆办事处珠海亿缘文化了解到，我们最下面看到的这两件《清 康熙粉彩花觚》和《清 雍正珐琅彩三系尊》正在中国珠海英国罗斯柴尔德拍卖行驻大陆办事处参加展览，这正是我们零距离接触这两件清宫彩瓷的好时机。登录 qr06.cn/FqD7C0 或者 英国罗斯柴尔德拍卖官网了解更多资讯。
莲池仙鹤图青花执壶 元代此件莲池仙鹤图青花执壶,高34cm,壶撇口,细长颈,斜肩,丰腹,龙柄,下部饱满,圈足。一侧置长流,另一侧置曲柄,连于颈、2018-11-12 18:43